Covalently functionalized SWCNTs as tailored p-type dopants for perovskite solar cells

T. Miletic, E. Pavoni, V. Trifiletti, A. Rizzo, A. Listorti, S. Colella, N. Armaroli, D. Bonifazi,
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2016, 8, 27966–27973.
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b08398


The covalent functionalization of (7, 6)-enriched single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with oligophenylenevinylene (OPV) moieties terminating with a dimethylamino group is proposed as an efficient way to enhance the affinity of CNTs with Spiro-MeOTAD in perovskite-based solar cells. The evidence of SWCNTs functionalization and the degree of OPV substitution on SWCNTs are established from TGA, XPS, TEM and Raman techniques. Our tailored doping materials display photovoltaic performances in line with conventional Li-doped spiro-MeOTAD system, showing at the same time a signifi-cantly improved chemical stability of the perovskite component over time. Furthermore, the comparison of the photovoltaic performances with those obtained with non-functionalized SWCNTs clearly suggest that the presence of the organic appends ensures highly reproducible PV performances. Our results demonstrate the suitability of this material as a valid doping agent for spiro-MeOTAD, representing a viable alternative to the conventional Li-salt.

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